Black Lives and Whitened Stories

An extensive new look at the lives of African Americans who worked at Rock Hill/Connemara and the White families who owned and employed them.  Prepared for the Carl Sandburg National Historic Site by the National Park Service.

Mt. Zion Baptist Church At Clear Creek

Mt. Zion Baptist Church At Clear Creek

A few years after the Civil War a group of settlers moved into the Fruitland-Edneyville area of Henderson County around an area that was known as Ritter Path (or Green Mountain). By the turn of the century, under the leadership of Emmanual King, Frank Allen, 

Star of Bethel Baptist Church Brief History

Star of Bethel Baptist Church Brief History

The Star of Bethel Missionary Baptist Church was organized in 1873 with fourteen charter members under the pastorate of Rev. B. F. Hemphill.  The fourteen charter members were: Rev. Frank Brown, Bro. Berry Potts, Bro. Henry King, Sis. Sandy Shepherd, Bro. George Mills, Bro. John 

St. Paul Tabernacle A.M.E. Zion Church – Brief History

Shaw’s Creek A.M.E. Zion Church had begun in 1865 when a group of people from Horseshoe, N.C., persevered in their desire to worship in a church of their own.  As time went on some of the members of Shaw’s Creek moved into Hendersonville to find 

Mud Creek Missionary Baptist Church (East Flat Rock)

Mud Creek Missionary Baptist Church (East Flat Rock)

There is such a close connection between the early black settlers of Flat Rock and the Mud Creek Missionary Baptist Church that the history of one is almost the history of the other. However, there is one significant difference in the history of the church. According to 

The Kingdom of Happy Land

Freed slaves founded the Kingdom of Happy Land in the 1870’s near today’s Lake Summit. With money they earned as porters carrying packages up the mountain to Saluda, they bought land from the Davis family’s plantation, Oakland.  There is little documentation about the Kingdom and 

Freed Slaves in Flat Rock

Many of the slaves owned by wealthy Charleston planters chose to remain in Flat Rock after the Civil War.

1865-1900 Overview

After the Civil War Freed slaves settled in several communities throughout Henderson County.  These communities were centered around Black churches.

Logan Community Chapel

Logan Community Chapel was founded by freed slaves in 1865.

Flat Rock Blacksmith

John Markley and his sons were well-known African-American blacksmiths in Flat Rock from 1877 until the early 1900’s.